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ID:858 Borrelia burgdorferi - Serology
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Description Lyme disease, or Lyme borreliosis,[1] is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.[2][3] Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto[4] is the main cause of Lyme disease in the United States, whereas Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii cause most European cases. The disease is named after the town of Lyme, Connecticut, USA, where a number of cases were identified in 1975. Although Allen Steere realized that Lyme disease was a tick-borne disease in 1978, the cause of the disease remained a mystery until 1981, when B. burgdorferi was identified by Willy Burgdorfer.
Indication
Additional InfoLyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in the Northern Hemisphere. Borrelia is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected ticks belonging to a few species of the genus Ixodes ("hard ticks").[5] Early symptoms may include fever, headache, fatigue, depression, and a characteristic circular skin rash called erythema migrans. Left untreated, later symptoms may involve the joints, heart, and central nervous system. In most cases, the infection and its symptoms are eliminated by antibiotics, especially if the illness is treated early.[6] Delayed or inadequate treatment can lead to the more serious symptoms, which can be disabling and difficult to treat.[7] Lyme disease is a biosafety level 2 disease.
Concurrent Testsna
Dietary Requirementsna
Interpretation

DepartmentVirology
SampleBlood
TubeSerum Gel Tube
Tube Picture
Collection ConditionsNo restrictions
Min. Vol4ml
Freq.

Ref. Range (Male)
Ref. Range (Female)
Ref. Range (Paed)
Ref. Range Notes
Units - Not Defined -
IP Acute TAT28 days
IP Routine TAT28 days
GP Acute TAT28 days
GP Routine TAT28 days
Turnround CommentResults may be available considerably earlier than stated turnaround time.

Originally edited by : D Bennett. Review due on 04/07/2017 11:11:07. Published By K Roberts on 04/07/2016 11:11:07.